- This is the registration page of the 2017 Colloquium on Communal Data Sharing. For details please visit the web site: http://odw.tw/2017/
- 此為報名網頁，詳細資訊請至活動網頁瀏覽： http://odw.tw/2017/
|10:30-11:30||Toward Open Knowledge Environments||Paul Uhlir|
|11:30-12:30||The Inadequate, Invaluable Fair Information Practices||Woodrow Hartzog|
The rapid change in information technology and data science has brought new challenges in data sharing and privacy protection. Researchers now often work on data sets sourced from multiple stake holders. There are also pressing needs to provide access to research data so as to validate results and to enable further research. The use and management of data is increasingly communal – data is generated from and shared by people for mutual benefits. Privacy, as it has been argued, refers not merely restrictions on acquiring personal data, but a set of principles and rules that govern the use of information and its disclosure. However, how to constitute a responsible framework to balance the risks and usability of data and improve transparency, accountability and participation in data management remains to be discussed. This colloquium explores these emergent challenges from a communal data sharing perspective. By forming a framework of self-governance, a communal approach to the management of personal data aims to empower individuals and reconfigure the traditional division of data provision and consumption.
Paul Uhlir Bio:
Dr. Paul Uhlir spent most of his career at the National Academy of Sciences, in Washington, DC. His main professional area of emphasis has been on issues at the interface of science, technology, and law, with primary focus on research data and information policy and management. In 1997 he received the National Research Council's Special Achievement award for his work on international data policy and in 2010 he was awarded the International CODATA Prize for Outstanding Achievement in the World of Scientific and Technical Data. In 2011, he became a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
Talk Title: Toward Open Knowledge Environments
Technological progress always outstrips the ability of social systems to adapt and manage it effectively. That is certainly true of digital networks, which were developed globally in the early 1990s. Many of the legacy institutions and practices were transferred from the print medium to the network and new approaches have not yet been fully formed. What is needed is to step back to deconstruct the print paradigm and reconstruct it in a way that is optimal in the digitally networked environment.
This presentation focuses on scholarly communication processes in that context. It presents the case for a default rule of openness; discusses the principles and benefits of open communication; explores the limits of such openness, both legitimate and spurious; identifies the models that have arisen; and argues in favor of an integrated, academic approach that I refer to as an open knowledge environment.
Woodrow Hartzog Bio:
Professor Woodrow Hartzog is a Professor of Law and Computer Science at Northeastern University, where he teaches privacy and data protection law, policy, and ethics. He holds a joint appointment with the School of Law and the College of Computer and Information Science. His recent work focuses on the complex problems that arise when personal information is collected by powerful new technologies, stored, and disclosed online.
Talk Title: The Inadequate, Invaluable Fair Information Practices
For the past thirty years, the general advice for those seeking to collect, use, and share people’s personal data in a responsible way was relatively straightforward: follow the fair information practices, often called the “FIPs.” These general guidelines were designed to ensure that data processors are accountable for their actions and that data subjects are safe, secure, and endowed with control over their personal information. The FIPs have proven remarkably sturdy against the backdrop of near-constant technological change. Yet in the age of social media, big data, and artificial intelligence, the FIPs have been pushed to their breaking point. We are asking too much of the FIPs, yet they are far too entrenched and important to be abandoned.
New privacy risks present an opportune moment to assess the state of the FIPs in the modern world and ask whether they are up to the task. This talk will identify the practical virtues and limitations of the FIPs in order to help discover a way for privacy law to evolve while retaining traditional notions of data accountability. I argue that while we cannot do without the FIPs, it is time for lawmakers to stake out new ground. They should pay more attention to things like anti-competitive behavior and the design of information technologies. The FIPs are necessary, but not sufficient. To make privacy law whole, the FIPs must be treated as one of several frameworks to protect our personal information and people's ability to consent to data practices must be treated as a finite resource.